Insomnia: Why and how to treat it ?

Insomnia: Why and how to treat it ?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep. It can be temporary due to pregnancy, a period of stress... or chronic. We speak of temporary insomnia when the situation is temporary and most often linked to a period of easily identifiable stress. Chronic insomnia, on the other hand, is more serious because it occurs at least 3 times a week for a long period of time.

Insomnia can be present in a patient as an isolated problem but it can also be related to stress, anxiety or other psychological problems such as depression. While 10 to 15% of adults complain of chronic insomnia (lasting more than 3 months), transient insomnia, which lasts less, nevertheless affects many patients and is often linked to stress or environmental factors (noise, unsuitable sleeping environment, etc.).

Causes of insomnia :

While the cause of temporary insomnia is often easy to identify, chronic insomnia can have multiple causes. Psychological factors (worry, stress, anxiety) are the most common. In fact, it is said to represent one case out of two. Other pathologies can also cause insomnia such as depression, sleep apnea, asthma and other breathing difficulties.

Insomnia is often listed as a side effect of many medications. Other substances such as tea, coffee or alcohol can disrupt sleep.

Solutions to treat it :

While it is important to identify the cause of insomnia in order to correct it, treatment generally involves modifying lifestyle habits and implementing good sleep hygiene. Here are some solutions to treat sleep disorders :

Practicing relaxation : Sophrology, breathing exercises or cardiac coherence, there are many tools to learn how to relax and channel one's thoughts towards the positive in order to limit the increase in anxiety.

Don't dwell on your worries before going to sleep : Prefer an enjoyable activity that allows you to relax and is not too exciting for the brain. Writing down your problems on a piece of paper can also be a way to get rid of them and not think about them in the evening.

Resist at all costs the desire to look at the time at night : Set your alarm clock to ring at the desired and regular time you get up in the morning.

Avoid any kind of medication or sleeping drugs.

Drink a warm and relaxing drink before going to sleep : there are many very effective plants: verbena, chamomile, etc.

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